Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
NMC Royal Hospital, Abu Dhabi
Centro Hospitalar Universitário da Cova da Beira, Portugal
University of Florida, USA
An infectious disease is a condition caused by the invasion and multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, in the body. These microorganisms can enter the body through various routes and can spread from person to person, resulting in a wide range of symptoms and health effects. Infectious diseases can be acute or chronic and can affect different organs and systems of the body. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases are essential for maintaining individual and public health.
Pediatric infectious diseases refer to a specialized branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases in children. Pediatric infectious diseases encompass a wide range of conditions, including respiratory infections, gastrointestinal infections, skin infections, meningitis, hepatitis, and more. Due to the unique vulnerabilities and developing immune systems of children, the diagnosis and management of infectious diseases in this population require specialized knowledge and expertise.
Viral infectious diseases are illnesses caused by viruses that can infect humans, animals, and plants. These diseases can range from mild to severe and can affect various systems and organs in the body. Viruses can be transmitted through direct contact, respiratory droplets, contaminated surfaces, or vectors like mosquitoes. Symptoms can include fever, cough, sore throat, rash, fatigue, and more. Prevention and management strategies include vaccinations, antiviral medications, and practicing good hygiene.
Bacterial infectious diseases are illnesses caused by bacteria that can invade and multiply in the body, leading to various symptoms and health problems. These diseases can affect different organs and systems, such as the respiratory tract, urinary system, and skin. Common examples include tuberculosis, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and salmonella infection. Bacterial diseases can be transmitted through direct contact, contaminated food or water, or insect vectors. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and other supportive measures.
Animal infectious diseases are illnesses caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that can affect animals. Animal infectious diseases can be transmitted between animals or between animals and humans, posing risks to both animal and human health. Examples of animal infectious diseases include rabies, avian influenza (bird flu), foot-and-mouth disease, Lyme disease, and brucellosis. These diseases can cause various symptoms and health issues in animals, ranging from mild to severe, and may impact animal populations, farming, and ecosystems.
Immunology of infectious diseases involves investigating how pathogens invade the body, how the immune system recognizes and responds to them, and how the immune response can either eliminate the infection or lead to disease. By studying the immunology of infectious diseases, scientists aim to enhance our understanding of immune responses, develop effective treatments, and improve public health strategies to prevent and control the spread of infectious diseases. Researchers in this field explore various aspects, including the development of vaccines to prevent infections, understanding host-pathogen interactions, studying immune evasion strategies employed by pathogens, and identifying immunological markers that can aid in diagnosing and treating infectious diseases.
Parasitology is the scientific study of parasites, their biology, their relationship with their hosts, and the diseases they cause. Parasites are organisms that live in or on another organism (the host) and derive nutrients and resources from them. They can be protozoa, helminths (worms), or arthropods. In parasitology, researchers investigate various aspects of parasites, including their life cycles, modes of transmission, host-parasite interactions, and the mechanisms by which parasites cause disease. This field covers a wide range of parasites that can affect humans, animals, and plants.
Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) refer to infections that occur at the site of a surgical incision or within the surrounding tissue after a surgical procedure. These infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi that enter the surgical site during or after surgery. SSIs are a significant concern in healthcare settings as they can lead to complications, prolonged hospital stays, and increased healthcare costs. Preventive measures such as proper sterile techniques, appropriate use of antibiotics, and post-operative wound care are essential in reducing the risk of surgical site infections.
Nosocomial infections, also known as healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), are infections that occur as a result of receiving medical care in a healthcare facility such as hospitals, clinics, or long-term care facilities. These infections are acquired during treatment or hospitalization and are not present or incubating at the time of admission. Nosocomial infections can be caused by a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. They can affect various parts of the body and can lead to significant illness and complications. Preventive measures such as proper hand hygiene, sterilization of medical equipment, and infection control protocols are crucial in reducing the occurrence of nosocomial infections.
Bloodstream infections, also known as bacteremia or septicemia, are infections that occur when bacteria or other microorganisms enter the bloodstream and multiply. These infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites and can lead to severe illness and complications. Bloodstream infections can originate from various sources, such as surgical sites, urinary tract infections, respiratory infections, or infected intravenous lines. The symptoms of bloodstream infections may include fever, chills, rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure, and overall weakness. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment with antibiotics or antifungal medications are essential to manage bloodstream infections and prevent further complications.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common infections that affect any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. They occur when bacteria, usually from the digestive tract, enter the urinary tract and multiply, causing infection. UTIs are more common in women than in men. UTIs are typically treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Drinking plenty of fluids and urinating frequently can help flush out the bacteria from the urinary system. Preventive measures such as good hygiene practices, proper wiping techniques after using the bathroom, and staying hydrated can reduce the risk of UTIs.
Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19):
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious respiratory illness caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and has since spread globally, resulting in a pandemic. Common symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, muscle or body aches, loss of taste or smell, sore throat, and headache. In severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia, respiratory failure, organ damage, and even death, particularly among older adults and individuals with underlying health conditions.
Fungal infectious diseases, also known as mycoses, are illnesses caused by various types of fungi. These infections can affect different parts of the body, including the skin, nails, respiratory system, and internal organs. Treatment for fungal infections typically involves antifungal medications, which can be administered topically, orally, or intravenously, depending on the severity and type of infection. Prevention strategies include maintaining good personal hygiene, avoiding contact with infected individuals or environments, and keeping the skin dry and clean.
STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Disease, which refers to infections that are primarily transmitted through sexual activity, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. STDs can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi, and they can affect both men and women. HIV, on the other hand, stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically targeting CD4 cells (a type of white blood cell). HIV is primarily transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles, and from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding. If left untreated, HIV infection can progress to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which is a more advanced stage of the disease.
Infectious diseases prevention, control, and cure encompass various strategies and measures aimed at reducing the occurrence, spread, and impact of infectious diseases. These efforts involve a combination of preventive measures, effective control measures, and the development of treatments or cures. Effective implementation of these measures requires collaboration between healthcare providers, public health agencies, researchers, policymakers, and the community as a whole.
Neuroinfectious diseases, also known as neurological infections, are infectious diseases that primarily affect the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. These infections can be caused by various pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites, and they can lead to a range of neurological symptoms and complications.
Plant infectious diseases, also known as plant pathogens or plant diseases, refer to infections caused by various microorganisms that affect plants. These diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, nematodes, and other pathogens. Plant infectious diseases can result in significant crop losses, reduce plant productivity, and negatively impact agricultural and horticultural industries.
Airborne infections refer to the spread of infectious diseases through the air when respiratory droplets containing pathogens are expelled by an infected individual and inhaled by others. These droplets can remain suspended in the air for an extended period, allowing the pathogens to be transmitted over longer distances. Airborne transmission is one of the most efficient ways for infectious diseases to spread, as it can affect multiple individuals simultaneously.
Microbiology is the branch of science that studies microorganisms, which are microscopic organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. It encompasses various aspects of these microorganisms, such as their structure, physiology, genetics, ecology, and their interactions with other living organisms. Microbiology plays a crucial role in understanding and combating infectious diseases, as well as in many other fields such as agriculture, biotechnology, and environmental science.
Dental infectious diseases refer to infections that affect the oral cavity, teeth, and surrounding tissues. These infections can be caused by various microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Dental infectious diseases can range from common conditions such as dental caries (tooth decay) and gum disease to more severe infections like dental abscesses or oral herpes.
Vaccines are biological substances that stimulate the immune system to recognize and defend against specific infectious diseases. They typically contain weakened or inactivated forms of pathogens (such as viruses or bacteria) or their components, which train the immune system to recognize and respond effectively to these disease-causing agents. Vaccination refers to the process of administering vaccines to individuals, usually through injections, to provide them with immunity against specific diseases. Overall, vaccines and vaccination play a critical role in preventing the spread of infectious diseases, reducing morbidity and mortality rates, and promoting public health.
Antibiotics are powerful medications used to treat bacterial infections. They have revolutionized modern medicine by effectively combating a wide range of bacterial diseases and saving countless lives. Antibiotics work by either killing bacteria or inhibiting their growth, depending on the specific type. They target various aspects of bacterial cells, such as their cell walls, protein synthesis machinery, or DNA replication processes. By interfering with these vital functions, antibiotics disrupt the bacteria's ability to survive and reproduce, ultimately leading to their elimination.
|Day-1: Nov 16, 2023, Thursday|
|program time||program session|
|10:00-10:45||Keynote Session I|
|11:00-11:45||Keynote Session II|
|12:00-14:45||Break Out Session I|
|15:00-18:00||Break Out Session II|
|Day-2: Nov 17, 2023, Fryday|
|program time||program session|
|10:00-10:45||Keynote Session III|
|11:00-13:00||Break Out Session III|
|15:30-17:30||Break Out Session IV|